Virginia Water Resources Research Center

Water Center Special and Educational Reports

This page provides access to Water Center special reports with a SR#, educational reports with an ER#, and other publications (no number) published from 1976 until the present.

You can search this page by keywords using your internet browser's "Find" function, usually located in the "Edit" menu. When a file name is followed by a *, this means that it is a non Water Center publication.

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2013

  • SR53-2013 “Development of Aquatic Life Use Assessment Protocols for Class VII Waters in Virginia: 2013 Report of the Academic Advisory Committee for Virginia Department of Environmental Quality” (Greg C. Garman, Leonard A. Smock, Andrew L. Garey, and Stephen P. McInich)
    [Download PDF]

2012

  • SR52-2012 “Development of Aquatic Life Use Assessment Protocols for Class VII Waters in Virginia: Report of the Academic Advisory Committee for Virginia Department of Environmental Quality” (Greg C. Garman, Leonard A. Smock, and Andrew L. Garey)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR51-2012 “A ‘Screening Approach’ for Nutrient Criteria in Virginia: Report of the Academic Advisory Committee for Virginia Department of Environmental Quality” (Carl E. Zipper, Golde Holtzman, Leonard A. Shabman, Kurt Stephenson, Jane L. Walker, and Gene Yagow)
    [Download PDF]

2010

  • SR50-2010 “A Study of Water Infrastructure and Sustainability at Local Level” (Heather Poole and Sheila F. Christopher)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR49-2010 “Water Use and Sustainability in La Altagracia, Dominican Republic” (Caitlin Grady and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR48-2010 “The Stroubles Creek Watershed: History of Development and Chronicles of Research” (Tammy Parece, Stephanie DiBetitto, Tiffany Sprague, Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]

2009

  • SR47-2009 "2009 NSF-REU Proceedings of Research in Interdisciplinary Watershed Sciences and Engineering" (Edited by Tammy Parece, Tamim Younos and Vinod K. Lohani)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR46-2009 “Water Dependency of Energy Production and Power Generation Systems” (Tamim Younos, Rachel Hill and Heather Poole)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR45-2009 “Implementing Watershed-Based Green Infrastructure for Stormwater Management: Case Study in Blacksburg, Virginia” (Meredith P. Warren, Tamim Younos and John Randolph)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR44-2009 "Virginia's Stormwater Impact Evaluation Project: Developing an Optimization Tool for Stormwater Runoff BMPs" (Kevin Young, Tamim Younos, Randy Dymond and David Kibler)
    [Download PDF]

2008

  • SR43-2008 "2008 NSF-REU Proceedings of Research in Interdisciplinary Watershed Sciences and Engineering" (Edited by Tamim Younos, Vinod K. Lohani and Monica Licher)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR42-2008 "2007 NSF-REU Proceedings of Research in Interdisciplinary Watershed Sciences and Engineering" (Edited by Tamim Younos, Vinod K. Lohani and Monica Licher)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR41-2008 "Community-Based Sustainable Development Planning" (Erica Adams and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR39-2008 "Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home" (Caitlin Grady and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR38-2008 "Feasibility of Rainwater Harvesting BMP for Stormwater Management" (Dana Gowland and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR37-2008 "Analysis of Nutrient-Response Characteristics to Support Criteria Development for Constructed Reservoirs" (Meredith Pavlick Warren and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]

2007

  • SR36-2007 "Urban Stream Daylighting Design Application to Stroubles Creek, Blacksburg, Virginia" (Tracy Buchholz, Dean Bork, and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR35-2007 "Urban Stream Daylighting: Case Study Evaluations" (Tracy Buchholz and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR34-2007 "Nutrients in Lakes and Reservoirs - A Literature Review for Use in Nutrient Criteria Development" (J. L. Walker, T. Younos, and C. E. Zipper)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR33-2007 "December 2006 Report of the Academic Advisory Committee to the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality on Freshwater Nutrient Criteria for Rivers and Streams" (C. Zipper, P. Bukaveckas, L. Shabman, K. Stephenson, E. Yagow, E. Smith, L. Smock, F. Benfield, C. Hershner, H. Kator, W. Lung, J. Walker, and T. Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR32-2007 "Pathogen Research Symposium: Pathways and Monitoring in Natural and Engineered Systems" (edited by Tamim Younos and Kaoru Ikuma)
    [Download PDF]

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2006

  • ER03-2006 "A Practical Guide to Natural Resource Stewardship Programs in Virginia" (Nathan Mitchell, Lauren LeBarre, and Alan Raflo) [Download PDF]
  • SR31-2006 "Analysis of Sinkhole Susceptibility and Karst Distribution in the Northern Shenandoah Valley, Virginia" (Sara E. Hyland, Lisa M. Kennedy, Tamim Younos, and Shane Parson)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR30-2006 "June 2006 Report of the Academic Advisory Committee to the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality on Freshwater Nutrient Criteria for Rivers and Streams" (C. Zipper, P. Bukaveckas, L. Shabman, K. Stephenson, E. Yagow, E. Smith, L. Smock, F. Benfield, C. Hershner, H. Kator, W. Lung, J. Walker, and T. Younos)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR29-2006 "The Effectiveness of Drought Management Programs in Reducing Residential Water-Use in Virginia" (Greg Halich, Kurt Stephenson)
    [Download PDF]
  • SR28-2006 "A Literature Review for Use in Nutrient Criteria Development for Freshwater Streams and Rivers in Virginia" (Jane Walker, Carl Zipper, Leonard Shabman, and Tamim Younos)
    [Download PDF]

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2005

    • SR 27-2005 "Issues Related to Freshwater Nutrient Criteria for Lakes and
      Reservoirs in Virginia"
      (Carl E. Zipper, John J. Ney, Leonard A. Smock, Eric P. Smith, John C. Little, Kurt Stephenson, Paul A. Bukaveckas, Gene R. Yagow, Jane L. Walker, Tamim Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • "Water Research Needs in Virginia" (Tamim Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • ER02-2005 "A Look Back Over 35 Years of Water News in Virginia" (Alan Raflo)
      [Download PDF]

    2004

    • SR 26-2004 "Development of Predictive Relationships Between Stressors and Macrobenthic Communities For Use in Implementing TMDLs" (Gary R. Long and R. Christian Jones)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR25-2004 " The Feasibility of Using Desalination To Supplement Drinking Water Supplies In Eastern Virginia" (Tamim Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR24-2004 "Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Issues: Report of the Bacteria TMDL Subcommittee of the Water Quality Academic Advisory Committee" (Theo Dillaha, Carl Hershner, Howard Kator, Saied Mostaghimi, Leonard A. Shabman, Eric P. Smith, Tamim Younos, and Carl E. Zipper)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR23-2004 "Issues Concerning Bioassessments and Their Use with Narrative Standards: Report of the Bioassessment Subcommittee of the Water Quality Academic Advisory Committee" (Leonard A. Smock, E. Fred Benfield, Theo Dillaha, Saied Mostaghimi, Leonard A. Shabman, Eric P. Smith, Tamim Younos, and Carl E. Zipper)
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-2004 "Report of the Academic Advisory Committee to Virginia Department of Environmental Quality - Freshwater Nutrient Criteria" (Carl E. Zipper, E. Fred Benfield, Theo A. Dillaha III, Thomas J. Grizzard, Jr., Carlton H. Hershner, Jr., Howard I. Kator, Wu-Seng Lung, John J. Ney, Leonard A. Shabman, Eric P. Smith, Leonard A. Smock, Jane L. Walker, Eugene R. Yagow, Tamim Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-2004 "Nutritional Factors Promoting Algal Blooms in the Lower Chesapeake Bay" (Margaret M. Mulholland)
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-2004 "Recent and Historical Environmental Change in Lake Drummond, Within the Great Dismal Swamp" (David J. Burdige, Jennifer Slate, Jeremy Hicks (student), Melissa Frazier (student), Sean Donalty (student))
      [Download PDF]

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    2003

    • (No Number)-2003 "Quantifying NPS Pollutant Discharges from an Urbanizing Headwater Basin" (Mark Dougherty)
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-2003 "Demonstration and Evaluation of Optimal Design Tools for Determination of TMDL Allocations" (Teresa B. Culver)
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-2003 "An Assessment of Residential Practices Affecting Water Quality in the Northern Shenandoah Valley"
      [Download PDF]

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    2002

    • SR22-2002 "Cooperative Infrastructures for Small Water Systems: A Case Study" (Micki Melinda Young)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR20-2002 "Optimal Design Rehabilitation Strategies For Reliable Water Distribution Systems" (G.V. Loganathan, H.D. Sherali, S. Park and S. Subramanian)
      [Download PDF]

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    2001

    • SP7-2001 "Integrated Decision Making for Watershed Management Symposium Abstract Booklet"
      [Download PDF]
    • SR19-2001 "Motivation, Retention, and Program Recommendations of Save Our Streams Volunteers" (J.W. Roggenbuck, S.C. Haas, T.E. Hall, R.B. Hull)
      [Download PDF]

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    2000

    • * (No Number)-1998 "Hydrologic Analysis of Discharge Sustainability From an Abandoned Underground Coal Mine "
      [Download PDF]
    • SR18-2000 "Fiscal Years 1999 & 2000 Report of the Water Quality Academic Advisory Committee" (Leonard A. Shabman, Theo Dillaha, Carl Hershner, Howard I. Kator, Saied Mostaghimi, Eric P. Smith, Leonard A. Smock, Tamim Younos, Shaw L. Yu, and Carl E. Zipper)
      [Download PDF]

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    1999

    • SR17-1999 "A Guide for Financing and Rate-Setting Options for Small Water Systems" (Andrea L. Williams)
      [Download PDF]
      [Download Appendix E Blank Spreadsheets]
    • SR16-1999 "The Virginia Small Water Systems Survey: An Assessment of Public Health Performance Appraisals" (David Keuhl, John Randolph, and Tamim Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR15-1999 "Restructuring Strategies for Small Water Systems: Virginia Small Water Systems Co-operative" (Kyle Garcia, Tamim Younos, and Christie Thompson)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR14-1999 "Telemetry Options for Small Water Systems" (Ben M. Grady, Willard Farely, and Tamim Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR13-1999 "Inland Recreational Fishing Rights in Virginia: Implications of the Virginia Supreme Court Case Kraft v. Burr" (Elizabeth Murphy, Kurt Stephenson; edited by Judy Poff)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR12-1999 "The Potential for Developing Mine Cavity Water for Water Supplies: Institutional and Water Quality Issues" (T. Younos, B. A. Wright, and D. W. Reeves)
      [Download PDF]
    • ER - 1999 "A Guide To Virginia's Ground Water" (Revised by Judy A. Poff, illustrated by George Wills)
      [Download PDF]
    • ER - 1999 "A Homeowner's Guide to the Development , Maintenance, and Protection of Springs as a Drinking Water Sources" (edited by Judy Poff)
      [Download PDF]

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    1998

    • (No Number)-1998 "Overview of Pesticide Effects and I Pesticide Application in Virginia Agriculture"
      [Download PDF]
    • SR11-1998 "Long-Term Water Quality Trends In Virginia's Waterways" (C. Zipper, G. Holtzman, P. Darken, P. Thomas, J. Gildea, and T. Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR10-1998 "Methods for Measuring and Assessing Nonpoint Source Pollutant Control at a Regional Stormwater Management Facility" (D.F. Kibler, S. Mostaghimi, S.B. Lovern, E. Karch, P.W McClellan, J.R. Voshell)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR8-1998 "Report of the Water Quality Academic Advisory Committee" (L. A. Shabman, C. Hershner, H. Kator, E. Smith, L. Smock, T. Younos, S. Yu, and C. Zipper)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR7-1998 "Virginia Tech Landfill Detention Pond Area Evaluation" (G. L. Wetzel and T. Younos)
      [Download PDF] [Appendix B Excel File]
    • SR6-1998 "Wetland Restoration for Science Education - Glade Spring, Virginia" (S. B. Lovern, R. Bohdan, T. Younos, S. Mostaghimi, F. Smith)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR5-1998 "Economic Analysis of Water Hauling for Southwest Virginia Communities" (D. W. Reaves, T. Younos, K.A. Ramsey)
      [Download PDF] [Appendix B Excel File]
    • SR4-1998 "Batie Springs: Assessment and Restoration" (C. Frago, T. Younos, A. Mendez, T. Brown)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR2-1998 "A Feasibility Study of Rainfall Harvesting and Small Surface-Catchment System for Drinking Water Supplies " (T. Younos, C. Frago, K. Ramsey, S. Fretwell, G. Blair)
      [Download PDF]
    • SP3-1998 "Evaluation of Rooftop Rainfall Collection-Cistern Storage Systems in Southwest Virginia" (T. Younos, R. Bohdan, E. Anderson, K. Ramsey, N. Cook, B. Ross, T. Dillaha, J. Poff)
      [Download PDF]

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    1997

    • (No Number)-1997 "A GUIDE TO PROTECTING VIRGINIA'S VALUABLE RESOURCE: GROUND WATER"
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-1997 "Water Science Reporter, - Effluent Allowance Trading: A New Approach to Watershed Management"
      [Download PDF]
    • SR01-1997 "Resistance to Flow Through Riparian Wetlands" (C. Hodges, P. Diplas, and T. Younos)
      [Download PDF]
    • ER-1997 "A Guide to Protecting Virginia's Valuable Resource: Ground Water" (Revised by Judy A. Poff, illustrated by George Wills)
      [Download PDF]

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    1996

    • ER - 1996 "A Guide To The National Drinking Water Standards and Private Water Systems" (Revised by Judy A. Poff, illustrated by George Wills)
      Provides information about the health effects, recommended treatment, and federal standards for 83 drinking water contaminants regulated by EPA. Presents general information about water testing, interpreting test results, decontaminating water, requirements of the Safe Drinking Water Act, and what to do if your water doesn't meet the standards.
      [Download PDF]

    1995

    • ER - 1995 "A Guide To Private Wells" (Revised by Diane L. Weigmann and Judy A. Poff, illustrated by George Wills)
      General information on the location, construction, and maintenance of domestic wells.
      [Download PDF]

    1993

    • (No Number)-1993 "Be Water Wise"
      [Download PDF]
    • SR25-1993 "Regulatory Permits and Requirements for Commercial Aquaculture In Virginia" (L. A. Helfrich, G. Libey, D. L. Weigmann, S. A. Smith, and R. Buck)
      [Download PDF]
    • ER-1993 "Guidelines for Liming Acidified Lakes and Ponds" (D. L. Weigmann, L. A. Helfrich, D. C. Josephson, and R. M. Speenburgh)
      Compares methods of applying limestone to improve water quality and aquatic life. The publication is designed to help lake owners and managers restore acid-damaged surface waters. The guidebook explains how to decide if liming is appropriate, which methods of liming to consider, and what results to expect.
      [Download PDF]
    • ER - 1993 "Guidelines for Liming Acidified Streams and Rivers" (D. L. Weigmann, L. A. Heifrich, and D. M Downey)
      A 27-page publication that compares methods of applying limestone to flowing waters to improve stream conditions for fish and other aquatic life. The publication is designed to help restore acid-damaged streams. Addresses how much limestone to use and how much liming will cost, and includes a model for calculating stream application rates of limestone and other specific information.
      [Download PDF]

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    1992

    • ER - 1992 "A Guide to Septic Systems and Alternatives" (Kathryn P. Sevebeck and Carolyn J. Kroehler)
      This 36-page booklet provides useful information to help citizens locate, maintain, and use their home sewage systems. Alternatives to septic systems, such as package treatment plants and sand filter, are briefly described.
      [Download PDF]

    • ER - 1992 "A Property Owner's Guide to Wetlands Permits" ( Sarah C. Richardson)
      This 36-page booklet outlines conditions where permits may be required and describes different types of permits. Also covered are steps an applicant must follow, the role of state and federal agencies, and how property owners can use conservation easements to preserve wetlands that they own.
      [Download PDF]

    1991

    • (No Number)-1991 "Ensuring Safe Drinking Water"
      [Download PDF]
    • SR24-1991 "The Federal Wetlands Manual: Swamped by Controversy" (W. R. Walker and S. C. Richardson)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR23-1991 "Are Virginia's Wastewater Treatment Plants Financially Healthy" (W.R. Walker and S.C. Richardson)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR22-1991 "Getting the Lead Out: Risks and Costs of Lead in Drinking Water" (Sarah C. Richardson)
      [Download PDF]

    1990

    • * (No Number)-1990 "Groundwater Research - The Front Line of Defense For a Resource Under Siege"
      [Download PDF]

    1989

    • (No Number)-1989 "Focus on Water "
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-1989 "Underground Injection Control in Virginia"
      [Download PDF]

    1988

    • (No Number)-1988 "Threats to Virginia's Groundwater"
      [Download PDF]

    1986

    • (No Number)-1986 "PROTECTING VIRGINIA'S GROUNDWATER: A Handbook for Local Government Officials"
      [Download PDF]
    • (No Number)-1986 "Sandcastle Moats and Petunia Bed Holes"
      [Download PDF]

     

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    1985

    • SR21-1985 "Acid Rain In Virginia: Its Yearly Damage Amounts to Millions of Dollars" (Jacob H. Kahn)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR20-1985 "A Water Code to Meet Virginia's Needs" (William R. Walker and Phyllis G. Bridgeman)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR19-1985 "A Proposal for Improved Management of Interjurisdictional Water Transfer" (William E. Cox and Leonard A. Shabman)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR18-1985 "Anatomy of a Water Problem: Virginia Beach's Experience Suggests Time for a Change" (William R. Walker and Phyllis G. Bridgeman)
      [Download PDF]

    1984

    • (No Number)-1984 "A Groundwater Primer for Virginians"
      [Download PDF]

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    1983

    • SR17-1983 "Comparing the Studies of a Coal Slurry Pipeline" (Clara B. Cox)
      [Download PDF]

    1982

    • SR16-1982 "Virginia Beach's Response to the 1980-81 Drought" (Sandra K. Birch and Gary Ulrich)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR15-1982 "Costs and Legal Issues of Reserving Water Supply Sites for Future Use" (L. Leon Geyer and Leonard A. Shabman)
      [Download PDF]

    1981

    • SR14-1981"Norfolk vs. Suffolk: Proposed Agreement Leaves Important Issues Unsettled" (Margaret S. Hrezo)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR13-1981 "Virginia's Most Important Water-Related Problems" (Clara B. Cox)
      [Download PDF]

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    1980

    • SR12-1980 "From Cropland to Concrete: The Urbanization of Farmland in Virginia" (Margaret S. Hrezo)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR11-1980 "Water Resources Council Revisions of Its 1973 'Principles and Standards'" (Margaret S. Hrezo)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR10-1980 "Public Recreational Rights on Virginia's Inland Streams" (William E. Cox)
      [Download PDF]

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    1979

    • SR9-1979 "Non point Pollution Control: Best Management Practices Recommended for Virginia" (Clara B. Cox)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR8-1979 "Mercury Contamination In Virginia Waters: History, Issues, and Options" (no author specified)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR7-1979 "Virginia Water Law: A Functional Analysis with Respect to quantity Management" (William E. Cox and William R. Walker)
      [Download PDF]

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    1978

    • SR6-1978 "A Comparison of the 1977 Water Policy Review and the 1978 Federal Water Policy Proposals" (Warren Viessman, Jr.)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR5-1978 "Federal Water Policy Initiatives: An Evaluation of Presidential Recommendations to Congress" (Warren Viessman)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR4-1978 "National Water Duality Goals: An Overview of the 1977 Clean Water Act Amendments" (reprinted from Environment Reporter)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR3-1978 "Impact of the 1977 Clean Water Act Amendments on Industrial Discharges" (John Quarles" (reprinted from Environment Reporter)
      [Download PDF]
    • SR2-1978 "Expanded Alternatives for Water Supply in Southeastern Virginia" (William B. Anderson, William E. Cox, and Leonard Shabman)
      [Download PDF]

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    1976

    • (No Number)-1976 "Urban Water Runoff and Water Quality Control"
      [Download PDF]
    • SR1-1976 "Recommendations for Improving Water Resources Management in Virginia" (William R. Walker and William E. Cox)
      [Download PDF]